The 2nd Science and Technology ODA Forum was held on 7th November 2014 at the National Assembly, after the successful outcome from the 1st forum. This time, members of the National Assembly attended the forum and showed their interest in expanding S&T ODA which can be represented as Korea’s comparative advantage in ODA.
The forum began with presentations by Dr. Deok Soon Yim, Senior Research Fellow at STEPI-IICC and Prof. Jeyong Yoon, President of Scientists and Engineers Without Borders.

Demand for S&T policy consulting as well as capacity building through education and training program from developing countries is increasing. In addition, S&T human resources development project is often requested. It is considered that these approaches based on socioeconomic characteristics of developing countries will provide integrative solution.
Since 2013, <Scientists and Engineers Without Borders> is operating Appropriate Technology Center for Water as a part of S&T cooperation project by Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning. It is currently carrying out a project in Cambodia where scientists and technicians are doing a research on filtering technology, eco floating system, arsenic removal technology etc. that are appropriate in local environment. However it requires a sustainable information service for maintenance management.
Overall, in order to effectively design customized S&T ODA, it is necessary to analyze demand in detail through a network that involves other domestic S&T cooperation organizations as well as international organizations such as UNDP, World Bank, GGGI etc.

Active discussion session took place afterwards where the panelists agreed on the importance of S&T ODA and its significant role in Africa; however as S&T ODA category does not exist in OECD DAC, the difficulty in identifying S&T demand from developing countries and discovering an effective S&T development cooperation project was mentioned. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that it will examine developing countries’ will and capacity to accept Korea’s appropriate technology, correspondence with Post-2015 Development Agenda and the potential of disseminating the technology in Africa so that ODA can play a catalytic role. On the other hand, the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning is planning a project package that links S&T ODA carried out by various science and technology sector. Most importantly, it was agreed that rather than focusing on S&T itself, the objective must be an increase in recipient country’s industrial productivity.